A variety of physical injuries can result from an auto accident. Broken bones, paralysis, internal injuries or even cuts and bruises may lay you up for days, weeks or even months. One type of injury that is especially difficult to treat is the closed-head injury.
Traumatic brain injuries are unlike any other kind because they alter a person’s ability to think and may even impact their personality. Perhaps the most insidious part of a brain injury is the fact that it is not always apparent and symptoms may not manifest themselves immediately.
A blow to the brain may cause one to begin to lose their memory over time and it may even interfere with his or her ability to speak. This can happen simply by jostling the brain – even when there is no apparent head wound.
There are several types of closed head injuries. A concussion is usually a minor brain injury that is the result of a blow to the head that shakes the brain inside the skull. Symptoms of a concussion include disorientation or slurred speech or the victim could actually be knocked unconscious.
The second type of traumatic brain injury is a subdural hematoma. In this case, the actual skull bone is not broken but there is severe trauma to the brain and an artery bursts. Unless treated immediately death is all but certain.
The third type of traumatic brain injury is the epidural hematoma. This happens when the brain hits the side of the skull and ruptures the delicate matter surrounding it. The victim may first experience a headache but quickly bleeding puts pressure on the brain and often surgeons need to bore a hole in the skull to relieve pressure.
Symptoms of a Head Injury
- Unconsciousness – even if brief
- Memory problems
- Vision problems
- Nausea or vomiting
- Difficulty sleeping
- Trouble speaking clearly
- Emotional changes
If You Suspect a Head Injury
If you been an accident and suspect you might have a head injury the prudent thing to do is seek medical advice. Calls to the emergency room should be the first step for anyone who has been unconscious for more than a minute or two or who has seizures or vomiting. If symptoms seem to get worse as time goes on an emergency room visit should be considered.
Many people believe that you must have lost consciousness to suffer a serious brain injury. That is not the case. Many 18-wheeler accidents lead to a closed head injury even when you do not lose consciousness.
Diagnosis of a Head Injury
Brain injuries can be diagnosed through clinical evaluations, and many emergency rooms will order a CT scan to determine whether or not there is bleeding or swelling of the brain.
Finally, it doesn’t take a medical professional to realize that head injuries have the potential to be fatal. If you are the victim of a car accident be cognizant of your symptoms and seek medical help.
For more information see: http://www.alz.org/dementia/traumatic-brain-injury-head-trauma-symptoms.asp