What Causes Traumatic Brain Injuries?
Written by Greg on May 7, 2019
The last thing a parent wants to hear is that a loved one has suffered a traumatic brain injury. Traumatic brain injuries, or TBIs, are severe injuries that cause significant trauma to the brain. These types of injuries can range in severity and the victim may recover completely or may end up with a lifelong disability, or anywhere in-between.
What are the Signs and Symptoms of a Traumatic Brain Injury?
There are many signs and symptoms of TBI that everyone should be aware of, especially following an accident or a fall. Some of the symptoms of TBI, according to the Mayo Clinic, include:
- Loss of consciousness
- Fatigue and severe drowsiness and changes to sleep patterns
- Changes to the senses such as blurry vision, ringing in the ears and sensitivity to light
- Problems concentrating or remembering
- Feelings of anxiety, depression, or severe mood swings
- Nausea or vomiting
- Slurred speech
Any of these symptoms alone or along with others could indicate a serious head injury. It is important to note that a victim of TBI might not show more than one sign or symptom or they could show several or more. It is essential to have any head injury evaluated immediately by a physician.
Causes and Treatment of TBI
A traumatic brain injury is caused by a sudden external force to the head. It can occur from a blow to the head or a jolt or bump that can lead to severe injury or death if not treated promptly.
Someone can suffer a seemingly minor injury that actually is a TBI. A person does not have to have been knocked unconscious to suffer TBI.
The symptoms of TBI can occur slowly and steadily, often increasing over the first hour or two following the injury. It is imperative to seek treatment before the symptoms worsen so treatment can begin. The sooner treatment of TBI begins, the more likely it is to be successful.
TBI is also caused by bleeding on the brain. A person can have a closed wound injury and suffer TBI. In other words, the victim does not have to have a noticeable wound that is bleeding out. Instead, bleeding can occur inside the brain and kill brain cells by keeping them from getting oxygen. The severity and type of injury that occurs depends on which particular areas of the brain are impacted.
Diagnosis and treatment must be made immediately for a better chance of recovery. If the bleeding is severe, emergency surgery is required to remove a portion of the skull. This will allow the brain to swell without further risk of damage. The portion of skull can be replaced through surgery after recovery. The prognosis of each patient is different and depends on how many and which brain cells were affected.
Those who suffer TBI generally have a long road to recovery and they may end up with severe impairment. Medical costs associated with the treatment of TBI are often quite high. When the TBI was caused by an accident that was due to someone’s negligence, the negligent party may be held responsible for the medical expenses and other damages.
Contact our skilled legal team at Baumgartner Law Firm to learn how we can help you get the compensation you deserve following a serious injury.