Possibly. When a drinking driver gets behind the wheel, they should know that the chances of injuring someone else are very high. While the law in Texas requires a unanimous jury verdict and clear and convincing proof, being hit by a drunk driver certainly may lead to an award of punitive damages in Texas. Our Houston car accident lawyers have helped Houston victims of drunk driving car accidents seek punitive damages for over three decades. Let us help you protect your rights!
CPRC Section 41 is the Punitive Damage Law in Texas
In Texas, punishment or punitive damages are regulated under Civil Practice and Remedies Code Section 41. In short, the state of Texas has made it very difficult for victims to obtain justice by punitive or punishment damages. One exception is that is probably victims of drunk drivers, who may potentially obtain more justice by winning punitive damages.
As part of Texas’s ongoing “tort reform” many proponents of the victim’s rights have called the exemplary damage statute harsh. Among the requirements for obtaining punitive damages are a unanimous jury verdict and a burden of proof that is much greater than under a general negligence claim.
Proof Necessary to Get Punitive Damages
Additionally, victims must be able to prove one of the following to pursue a punitive damage case.
- Malice or
- Gross Negligence.
The amount of exemplary damages available has also been limited by law in Texas and has been codified in Section 41.008 -Limitation On Amount Of Recovery. There are certain exceptions to the limitations of the amount of punitive or punishment damages when specific penal code sections have been violated either knowingly or intentionally.
The awards of punitive damages are specific to an individual defendant and each defendant is only responsible for punitive damages and applies to that specific defendant.
DWI Cases and Punitive Damages
In the context of a drunk driving accident in the state of Texas, juries have long been unsympathetic to the person who chooses to drink and drive and injures innocent Texans. Just as sentences and criminal actions against drunk drivers have been severe, jury verdicts in civil cases have also been substantial in many instances. Our Houston DWI / DUI accident lawyers have been recovering maximum compensation after a drunk driving crash for over three decades.
An argument can be made that a specific criminal statute may also apply to make inapplicable the limitation on pure punishment damages under the statute.
Are Punitive Damages Covered by Liability Insurance?
There seems to be some debate on whether exemplary or punitive damages may be covered by an insurance policy. Much depends upon the language of the specific policy in question. We have found in many instances that excess policies or umbrella policies may specifically provide coverage for punitive damages. However, the prudent person will review the insurance policies to determine whether there is coverage under the policy or not. A recent case in Texas held the auto insurance carrier not liable for punitive damages.
Are There Other Possible Defendants in a DUI Accident?
Yes. Other possible defendants in drunk driving accident cases can include bars or clubs under a dram shop cause of action and in very serious cases such as those a failure of the car or pickup truck such as a car fire or other defect, the automobile manufacturer. Also, a semi-truck accident lawyer should be able to determine if a truck driver or trucking company intentionally violated safety rules that lead to a crash or the trucker using drugs or alcohol. If so, you may be able to get punitive damages from a truck accident.
Why Personal Injury Lawyers May Seek Punitive Damages
There are very important reasons why the best personal injury attorneys will seek punitive damages in their case pleadings. One of the tactical reasons is that with proof of intentional conduct, the attorney may be able to obtain discovery about the net worth of the company or individual.
Another vital reason is that the claim may or may not be covered by liability insurance. If the exemplary damages would not be covered under a liability or umbrella insurance policy, the company or individual may be personally at risk for those damages. Which should provide ample incentive to push their own insurance company to reasonably settle the case. If you have questions about whether punitive damages may be appropriate in your case, call the leading punitive damage attorney in Houston for a free case consultation.
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If you have been injured by a drunk driver and want to learn your rights and options, call us at 281-587-1111.