Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation, often simply known as CPR, is a skill that can be utilized to save a life and has done so for countless years. Although, many individuals might understand its intention is to prevent someone from choking or someone who has stopped breathing, many do not understand the connection between merely helping an individual out and actually saving their life.
According to research conducted by The American Heart Association, approximately 70% of Americans do not feel that they can help during an emergency, such as offer aid during a cardiac arrest, because they do not know CPR or their former CPR training knowledge has been lost.
This fact is made even more unfortunate when one considers the following CPR facts, also presented by the American Heart Association:
- Nearly 383,000 cardiac arrests occur out of the hospital annually, with 88% occurring at home. This indicates that 4/5 cardiac arrests occur at home.
- Piggybacking on the above statistics. This indicates that the numbers show that if you are called on to save a life through your knowledge of CPR – it will most likely be someone you know, such as a friend, parent, spouse, or even a child.
- Many cardiac arrest victims will appear completely healthy with no obvious sign that a cardiac arrest will occur.
- CPR does not just help those who are suffering from cardiac arrest, but can also aid those who are: choking, having severe allergic reactions, drowning, suffering from electric shock, drug overdose, or suffocation.
- More than 90% of deaths from a foreign object will occur in children younger than 5, while 65% of those deaths are infants.
- An estimate 10,000+ children, aged 14 years or younger, will be treated in a U.S. emergency department due to choking incidents.
- In 2005 alone, 30% of all children aged 1 – 4 who died that year did so as a result of drowning. Moreover, research shows that drowning is the second-leading cause of unintentional death in children aged 1 – 14 years old.
- Children can drown in water as shallow as 1 inch.
- As a whole, choking and drowning are the leading causes of death in children and account for approximately 16 million children being sent to the E.R.
According to B.E. CPR the timeline to administer CPR is as followed:
- 0-4 minutes before CPR: Brain damage is not likely to occur.
- 4-6 minutes before CPR: Brain damage is possible to occur.
- 6-10 minutes: Brain damage is more likely to occur.
- Over 10 minutes: Brain damage is very likely to occur.
When one considers that emergency personnel will need to be called and then arrive at the location after a serious incident occurs, there is little doubt that the process will take longer than ten minutes. Thus, by waiting to administer CPR the likelihood for brain damage to occur increases dramatically. So why should you learn CPR?
- It’s an important skill to learn in regards to additional knowledge.
- Emergencies are more likely to occur at home and to people you know.
- It saves lives!