Most Common Injuries to Children and Their Causes

According to research conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention unintentional injuries, such as those that have been caused by burns, drowning, poisoning, suffocating, falls, and transportation-related injuries are the leading cause of death for children aged 0-19 years old. Additionally, the research also points out that within the United States, more than 12,000 individuals within this age bracket die from unintentional injuries each year. Coupled with this is the fact that approximately 2.3 million 0-19 year olds are treated in an emergency department due to nonfatal injuries.

In order to ensure that your child is kept safe, even against an accident, it is important to be aware of the most common injuries to occur to children as well as their causes.

Transportation

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, injuries due to transportation were considered the leading cause of death of children. The highest death toll were those that were involved directly in motor vehicle crashes while the research shows that were there were also a substantial amount of pedal cyclist deaths among children. Cause of death by transportation can largely be prevented through taking precautionary measures, such as ensuring all occupants are buckled up, not consuming alcohol while driving, and so on.

Drowning

While many might assume that all drowning deaths might occur in a large body of water, research has shown that children can die in water as shallow as 1 inch. Additionally, as noted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, drowning is the leading cause of death for children aged 1 – 4 years of age.

Suffocation/Poisoning

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, for children that are younger than 1 years of age, two-thirds of all deaths are due to suffocation. Many suffocation incidents and injuries are due to children becoming wedged in areas and positions that will compromise their breathing. It is important to ensure a safe sleeping space is maintained. Moreover, the research also shows that poisoning can also be largely prevented. In this vein, most poisonings are caused by exposure due to agents that are taken into the home, such as personal care products and cosmetics, medications, plants, and cleaning materials. Parents of young children should be extra cautious to ensure that all hazardous materials are kept directly out of children’s reach.

Fires, Falls, & Misc

The CDC also showcases many additional injuries that can arise, such as burns, falls, sports and recreational injuries, and other happenstance accidents. According to the research, 2% of children younger than 1 will suffer an unintentional injury death from burns, 12% of ages 1-4, 11% of ages 5-9, and 6% of ages 10-14. Other injuries such as falls, bites or stings, foreign body, being accidentally struck against something, overexertion, or accidental cuts were among the top leading injuries that were seen in emergency departments.

As the research points out, many of these injuries were completely preventable as many occurred due to lack of supervision at a daycare or play environment. Thus, extra caution is always essential for children.